Cosmetics – Definition, Decorative Cosmetics, Types, and More
Cosmetics Definition :
A Cosmetics product means any substance or mixture that intends to be brought into contact with the superficial parts of the human body, through the teeth and oral mucosa, for the particular or primary purpose of cleaning them, scenting them, modifying their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition, or correcting body smell.
What Values do we take into Account When Choosing a Cosmetic Product?
Natural and Sustainable: Cosmetics
These are two features with an upward trend. We assist the natural factor with products made from natural elements. 40% of those measured say so, and 25% do not contain any chemical ingredients. Finally, we identify the sustainable factor as respecting the environment. More than half of those surveyed confirm this.
Face cream, lip balm, body cream, and spray are the cosmetic products we regularly use that are “natural” and “sustainable.” However, hair dye, aftershave cream or balm, hair spray, and nail polish are the cosmetics we consider the least “natural” and least “sustainable.”
The main characteristics that we believe sustainable makeups meet are the control and decrease of the toxicity of elements and the use of minimal and biodegradable packaging. We also ask natural cosmetics to lessen or eliminate synthetic chemicals and that the ingredients are grown without pesticides.
Decorative Cosmetics: Makeup, Lipstick, and Nail Polish
Decorative cosmetic products are extensive in our society, and this practice is gradually spreading among men. In the present work, a review of the different preparations groups under the denomination of «decorative cosmetics, their components, method of obtaining and quality control, and an approach to the evaluation methods of this type of cosmetics carries out.
Types of Makeup Depending on its Application
Cosmetic makeup combines variously colored powders or powders in suspension in a fluid medium whose objective is to enhance the part of the body on which it is apply. The main functions of this sort of cosmetic are to give color or change it.
Cosmetic makeup also classifies according to its application or use, such as facial makeup, eye makeup, lipstick, or nail polish.
Within facial makeup are a foundation or fond makeup, face powder, blush or blush powder. As for eye makeup, we distinguish mascara, also called “shadows,” “mascara,” and “familiar encaustics.” For its part, eye shadows include compact powders, suspensions, emulsions, creams, and sticks. Also included in eye cosmetics are eyeliners or eyeliners and eyebrow pencils. We must also mention that sunscreens are among the usual ingredients in this cosmetic.
They can be presented as powder products or liquid or paste products, incorporated into a fluid medium whose excipient is more or less liquid. There are loose and compact powders within powder products, while liquid products can be runny or pasty.
Powdered face makeups mostly contain talc. By adapting the types of components and their concentration, variations in powder makeup will be obtained depending on the characteristics of the desired final product.
It must provide the same outcome as powder makeup when it comes to compact makeup. Furthermore, it must not break during everyday use or transport. The proportion of binding substance in the compact makeup formulation can vary, but, in general, it is usually incorporated in a ratio of around 5%. This type of cosmetic is subjected to the same quality controls as powder makeup, and once passed, the powder is compressed. In the finished cosmetic, the uniformity of the pressing, the resistance to dragging by the applicator, and resistance to breakage must control.
Eye makeup includes many products, such as eyelash makeup or mascara, fluid eyeliner or eyeliner, pencils, and eyelid makeup that can range from compact powder to liquid makeup. Or eye shadow.
Eyelash makeup can be of the fixed form (water-resistant) and comprises a film-forming substance, generally cellulose derivatives, plasticizers, and thickeners. However, this type of cosmetics presents the difficulty in its elimination as a disadvantage. As a result, semi-fixed formulas have appeared, which have a good duration and are easier to remove makeup.
Liquid eyeliners or eyeliners are formulated similarly to fluid makeup, without oils and adding film-forming substances.
Components of Cosmetics Makeup
Talc is a hydrated magnesium silicate with great sliding power due to its fineness to the touch and its lamellar structure. Although it is a product that is tolerated by the skin, it has a low absorption capacity, poor covering power, and high gloss, which do not make it very suitable for this use.
They present similar limitations to talc for their use in this application. In addition, it tends to swell in the presence of moisture and the risk of possible alteration.
It is a hydrated aluminum silicate that comes in the form of an excellent, greyish-white powder with a buttery touch. It has appropriate absorbent properties, in addition to dermatologically tolerates. Its use in this type of preparation increases the absorbent and covering power and eliminates the shine of the talc as it is completely opaque.
Magnesium and calcium carbonates generally use. They increase the opacity and absorbent power of the formulation. It must be taken into account that they do not exceed 15% of the formulation since the cosmetic product would be too dry and rough with a tendency to agglomerate.
Especially zinc, aluminum, and magnesium stearates use. These substances provide smooth touch, increase the adherence to powders and decrease the water absorption capacity.
These can be classified as dyes if they are soluble in the medium and pigments and lacquers when they are insoluble in the medium. Organic derivatives of magnesium, aluminum, barium, and calcium and inorganic results, mainly metal oxides. Thus, these products must be completely soluble in water or the fat phase and have appropriate particle sizes. Those of inorganic origin are more solid to light.
Types of Cosmetics Products
These are the legal categories of cosmetic products:
1. Creams, emulsions, lotions, gels, and oils for the skin.
2. Beauty masks (excluding products for superficial skin abrasion by chemical means).
3. Makeup (liquids, pastes, powders).
4. Makeup powders will use after bathing and body hygiene.
5. Toilet soap, deodorant soap.
6. Perfumes, toilet waters, eau de toilette.
7. Bath and shower products (salts, foams, oils, gels).
9. Deodorants and antiperspirants.
10. Hair Products
The Prohibition of Substances Dangerous to Health
Luckily, cosmetic products prohibited the use of lead, arsenic, and their respective compounds, among others. Since then, cosmetics have evolved a lot, especially in their composition.
Classification of Cosmetics Products According to their Shape
Throughout history, cosmetics evolves and divides into several families into their categories, as shown below:
- Solutions and lotions (perfumes, glitter)
- Emulsions (cleansing milk, creams
- Suspensions (fluid makeup)
- Sprayers (powder makeup)
- Solids (lipstick, eye pencil, compact powder
Right to Health and Safety
One of the duties of those who put cosmetic products on the market and the administrations that supervise the market is a right for consumers and users: to use products that do not affect our safety or health.
Therefore, Any substance or preparation intends to be brought into contact with the various superficial parts of the human body or with the teeth and oral mucosa, with the exclusive or primary purpose to clean them, perfume them, modify their appearance, and correct body odors and protect them or keep them in good condition.
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